During his time in power, Pinochet visited Easter Island on three occasions. The list includes just two species of small trees and two of woody shrubs.
Bone pathology and osteometric data from islanders of that period clearly suggest few fatalities can be attributed directly to violence.
Because timber for building seagoing canoes vanished, fish catches declined and porpoises disappeared from the table. Pinochet is reported to have refused to attend the inauguration in protest of pressures from the United States to attend human rights cases.
Among all such vanished civilizations, that of the former Polynesian society on Easter Island remains unsurpassed in mystery and isolation.
All that those buildings lack to make the message explicit are ten-ton red crowns. With the trees slowly been cutting down, rain would have eroded the soil away. Their vanishing touches us as the disappearance of other animals, even the dinosaurs, never can. Not a single Easter Island rock or product has turned up elsewhere, nor has anything been found on the island that could have been brought by anyone other than the original settlers or the Europeans.
None were left standing by the time of the arrival of the French missionaries in the s. The absolute age of each layer can be dated by radiocarbon methods.
By the time Heyerdahl visited Easter, only a single, nearly dead toromiro tree remained on the island, and even that lone survivor has now disappeared. Meanwhile, the best farmland lay in the south and east, and the best fishing grounds on the north and west coasts.
They prospered and multiplied. One theory regarding the deforestation that caused such ecological and social damage was that the trees were used as rollers to move the statues to their place of erection from the quarry at Rano Raraku.
So I start with filtering out the least important information from the longer summery. Easter Island can be used as a warning that cultural and environmental dangers exist due to overexploitation of natural resources. Studies by paleobotanists have shown rats can dramatically affect the reproduction of vegetation in an ecosystem.
Unlike the Easter Islanders, we have histories of the past--information that can save us. In the forest grew tree daisies, the rope- yielding hauhau tree, and the toromiro tree, which furnishes a dense, mesquite-like firewood. Easter Island colonization likely coincided with the arrival of the first settlers in Hawaii.
Extinction DiscoverAugust16 8pp. In theory, this combination of blessings should have made Easter a miniature paradise, remote from problems that beset the rest of the world.
The ridge was formed by the Nazca Plate moving over the Easter hotspot. The colonies of more than half of the seabird species breeding on Easter or on its offshore islets were wiped out. Their language was Polynesian, as Cook had already concluded.
Our risk now is of winding down, slowly, in a whimper. Instead, each year there are just somewhat more people, and somewhat fewer resources, on Earth.Extinction of Easter Island and the world Easter Island’s most famous feature is its huge stone statues, The fifteenth century marked the end not only for Easter’s palm but for the forest itself.
Its doom had been approaching as people cleared land to plant gardens; as they felled trees to build canoes, to transport and erect. “Easter Island’s End.” Discover magazine, August 16(8): 1.
The article describes the former abundance of trees and forests on Easter Island. Describe several factors that contributed to the extinction of trees on the island.1/5(2). Aug 17, · Easter Island is 27 degrees south of the equator giving it a subtropical and mild climate creating a good environment for habitation and wildlife, while the island’s volcanic origins create the fertile soil on the island, allowing for good growth of crops.
Easter Island's End By Jared Diamond, in Discover Magazine August In just a few centuries, the people of Easter Island wiped out their forest, drove their plants and animals to extinction, and saw their complex society spiral into chaos and cannibalism. Located in the South Pacific more than 2, miles off the Chilean coast, Easter Island’s not the easiest place to reach.
(If you’re interested, the easiest access is by air from Santiago or Tahiti.) But isolation has helped preserve the 1,year-old mysterious congregation of volcanic rock. Easter Island covers roughly 64 square miles in the South Pacific Ocean, and is located some 2, miles from Chile’s west coast and 2, miles east of Tahiti.
Known as Rapa Nui to its earliest.Download