Essay on political conditions of pakistan

Indian soldiers after winning a battle during the Kargil War The infiltrators, apart from being equipped with small arms and grenade launcherswere also armed with mortarsartillery and anti-aircraft guns.

According to some reports, these Pakistani forces were backed by Kashmiri guerrillas and Afghan mercenaries. The majority of posts along the Line of Control were adjacent to the highway, and therefore the recapture of nearly every infiltrated post increased both the territorial gains and the security of the highway.

A few of the assaults occurred atop hitherto unheard of peaks — most of them unnamed with only Point numbers to differentiate them — which witnessed fierce hand to hand combat. Indian Army announces complete eviction of Pakistani intruders.

Such a move would have involved the Indian troops crossing the LoC as well as initiating aerial attacks on Pakistani soil, a manoeuvre India was not willing to exercise fearing an expansion of the theatre of war and reduced international support for its cause.

Subsequent discovery of infiltration elsewhere along the LOC, and the difference in tactics employed by the infiltrators, caused the Indian army to realise that the plan of attack was on a much bigger scale.

Clinton rebuked Sharif, however, and asked him to use his contacts to rein in the militants and withdraw Pakistani soldiers from Indian territory.

The joint statement issued by Clinton and Sharif conveyed the need to respect the Line of Control and resume bilateral talks as the best forum to resolve all disputes.

The rough terrain and narrow roads slowed down traffic, and the high altitude, which affected the ability of aircraft to carry loads, made control of NH 1D the actual stretch of the highway which was under Pakistani fire a priority for India.

The final stage involved major battles by Indian and Pakistani forces resulting in India recapturing most of the territories [64] [65] held by Pakistani forces and the subsequent withdrawal of Pakistani forces back across the Line of Control after international pressure.

Pakistani intrusion in Kargil reported by local shepherds 5 May Indian Army patrol sent up; Five Indian soldiers captured and tortured to death.

The number of infiltrators, including those providing logistical backup, has been put at approximately 5, at the height of the conflict. Government sets condition for talks with Pakistan 26 July Kargil conflict officially comes to an end.

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India discovers infiltration and mobilises Initially, these incursions were not detected for a number of reasons: Some of the peaks that were of vital strategic importance to the Pakistani defensive troops were Point and Point But by the second week of May, the ambushing of an Indian patrol team led by Capt Saurabh Kaliawho acted on a tip-off by a local shepherd in the Batalik sector, led to the exposure of the infiltration.

India also released taped phone conversations between the Army Chief and a senior Pakistani general where the latter is recorded saying: However, because of the nature of the terrain, division and corps operations could not be mounted; subsequent fighting was conducted mostly at the regimental or battalion level.

Concurrently, Pakistan made several contradicting statements, confirming its role in Kargil, when it defended the incursions saying that the LOC itself was disputed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message The terrain of Kashmir is mountainous and at high altitudes; even the best roads, such as National Highway 1D from Leh to Srinagar, are only two lanes.

The Bofors FHB field howitzer played a vital role, with Indian gunners making maximum use of the terrain. Indian troops found well-entrenched Pakistani soldiers at Tiger Hill, and both sides suffered heavy casualties.

The Pakistani troops at Tololing were aided by Pakistani fighters from Kashmir. However, its success was limited elsewhere due to the lack of space and depth to deploy it. The Indian Air Force launched Operation Safed Sagar in support of the mobilisation of Indian land forces, but its effectiveness during the war was limited by the high altitude and weather conditions, which in turn limited bomb loads and the number of airstrips that could be used.

According to reports, he had bailed out of his stricken plane safely but was apparently killed by his captors as his body was returned riddled with bullet wounds.

Since any daylight attack would be suicidal, all the advances had to be made under the cover of darkness, escalating the risk of freezing.

However, President Clinton refused to intervene until Pakistan had removed all forces from the Indian side of the Line of Control.

Kargil War

While was the nearest point that had a view of NH 1D, point was the highest feature in the Dras sector, allowing the Pakistani troops to observe NH 1D.Kargil War Part of the Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts and the Kashmir conflict Location of the conflict Date May–July (2 months) Location Kargil district, Jammu and Kashmir Result Decisive Indian victory India regains possession of Kargil Territorial changes None Belligerents India Pakistan Commanders and leaders Atal Bihari.

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Essay on political conditions of pakistan
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